Biography Of Swami Vivekananda
About Vivekananda :
Swami Vivekanand’s known his name was Narendranath datta in childhood,Simply called “Naren”. He was born in affluent family in kolkata on 12th jan 1863.His father name was Vishwanath Datta,he was successful attorney with interest in various subjects, and his mother name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi’s boudned with qualities like deep devotion, strong character and determination etc.He was mastered in music, gymnastics and studies in child hood days.
By the time he completed his graduation from Calcutta University, he had acquired a huge knowledge of different subjects, especially philisophies of the Western mind along with the worship of science and history subjects.At the time of youth Vivekananda swamiji had to pass through a peroid of spiritual crisis and his desire to know the truth about god,he questoined people of holy reputaions,asking them if they had seen god.
Finally he found such a person in Sri Rama Krishna.one day he want’s to meet sri Rama Krsiha Paramahamsa who was staying in the one of the famous Kali Matha temple in Dakshineshwar.Without hesistation he directly asked to Sri Rama Krsihan “Sir Have You Seen god”.His replied to vivekananda :”Yes I have Clearly”Finally Vivekananda’s doubts and confusions are very totally cleared because of Sri Ram Krishna ,who became his master and gave him god vision.At Dakshineshware he met lot of young peoples who devoted Rama krishna,and they all became close friends.
After few years he was faced so many diffuculties one was sudden death of his father and second was illness of Rama Krsihna which was suffered by throat cancer.At that time Rama Krsihna Paramhansa shifted Shyampukur to Cossipore.In these days swami vivekananda was Mastered with devoted care.Finally His conquered the spirit of renunciation and brotherly love for one another.
After Sri Rama krishna’s death,he wants to estlabish the greater misson in his life.Vivekananda renounced the world and crisscroseed india.This question and the awareness of his own inherent powers urged Swamiji to go out alone into the wide world. after receiving the blessings from Sri Sarada(Holy Mother) Devi,who wife of Sri Ramakrishna.
During his travel in India, Swami Vivekananda was deeply moved to see the poverty and backwardness. He was the first religious leader to understand and openly declare that the real cause of India’s downfall and immedialtly he wants to provide food and miscellaneous of life to the hungry millions.His taught that provide to valuable resources to village industries,agriculture etc and improve their life styles.It was in this context that Vivekananda grasped which had escaped the attention of social reformers of his days, the marginalized communities masses had lost faith in their capacity to improve their lot.For this they needed a life-giving message. his found this message in Vedanta
He saw that, in spite of poverty, the masses in religion, but they had never been taught the life-giving in vendata but his always taught that how to apply them in practical life.Masses were needed two kinds of knowledge: secular knowledge to improve their economic condition, and spiritual knowledge to infuse in them faith in themselves and strengthen their moral sense.
One thing became clear to Swamiji: to carry out his plans for the spread of education and for this one helpful to poor masses, and also of women, an efficient organization of dedicated people was needed.It was to serve as this ‘machinery’ that Swamiji founded the Ramakrishna Mission a few years later.Accepting opportunity to represent Hinduism at Chicago’s Parliament of Religions.His friends and supporters in India wanted him to attend the Parliament and he wants to give the right message to the world and so he decided to go to America.
His famous quotation as an ‘orator by divine right’ and as a ‘Messenger of Indian wisdom to the Western world’.
and his also spent nearly three and a half years spreading Vedanta as lived , mostly in the eastern parts of USA and also in London.
after that he came back to Kolkata, Swami Vivekananda accomplished another important task of his mission on earth.
He founded on may first week of 1897 a unique type of famous organization known as Ramakrishna Mission,
in which represents monks and lay people would jointly undertake propagation of Practical Vedanta like irrespective of social services, such as running hospitals, schools, colleges, hostels, rural development authorities etc, and conducting massive relief and rehabilitation work for victims of earthquakes, cyclones and other calamities, in different parts of India and other countries.
Again he went to the west ,this time he spent most of his time in the West coast of USA.After giving many lectures in there, he came back to india.
Final Days Of Swami Vivekananda :
The rest of life he was spent in India, inspiring,guiding and loving all people, both monastic and lay especially giving lectures and inspiring people, told about Vivekananda Swamiji’s health.Swami vivekananda extraordinary life on earth came to an end on 4th july 1902.Before his Mahasamadhi he said “It may be that I shall find it good to get outside my body, to cast it off look like a worn out garment.But I shall not cease to work.I shall inspire men everywhere until the whole world shall know that it is one with God.”